Asthma In Children, Causes , Symptoms And Treatment Option

Asthma In Children, Causes , Symptoms And Treatment Option

Asthma In Children, Causes , Symptoms And Treatment Option

 

Overview

When exposed to certain triggers, such as pollen or acquiring a cold or other respiratory illness, the lungs and airways of children with asthma become quickly irritated. Asthma in children can create annoying daily symptoms that interfere with play, sports, school, and sleep. Uncontrolled asthma in some youngsters can result in life-threatening asthma attacks.


Although childhood asthma is not dissimilar to adult asthma, children confront distinct obstacles. The illness is a primary cause of emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and school absences.


Childhood asthma is incurable, and symptoms can last well into adulthood. However, with the correct medication, you and your kid can manage symptoms and protect their developing lungs.


Symptoms

The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of asthma in children:


- Coughing that gets worse when your child has a virus, happens while he or she is sleeping, or is prompted by activity or cold air.

- When you exhale, you'll hear a whistling or wheezing sound.

- Breathing problems

- Congestion or stiffness in the chest


Asthma in children can also lead to:


- Shortness of breath, coughing, or wheezing keep you awake at night.

- Coughing or wheezing fits that get worse when you have a cold or the flu

- After a respiratory infection, you may experience a delayed recovery or bronchitis.

- Breathing problems that make it difficult to play or exercise

- Fatigue can be caused by a lack of sleep.


Asthma symptoms and indications differ from child to child, and they may worsen or improve over time. Your child may simply have one symptom, such as a persistent cough or chest congestion.


It's not always easy to discern if your child's symptoms are due to asthma. Infectious bronchitis or another respiratory issue can cause periodic or long-term wheezing and other asthma-like symptoms.


When should you see a doctor?

If you suspect your child has asthma, take him or her to the doctor. Early therapy will aid in the control of symptoms and, in certain cases, the prevention of asthma attacks.

If you see any of the following, make an appointment with your child's doctor:


Coughing that is persistent, intermittent, or appears to be associated with physical activity

When your youngster exhales, you may hear whistling or wheezing.

Breathing problems, such as shortness of breath or rapid breathing

Chest tightness complaints

Symptoms of suspected bronchitis or pneumonia on a regular basis


If your child suffers from asthma, he or she may say things like "my chest hurts" or "I'm always coughing." When your child is sleeping, listen for coughing that may not rouse him or her. Coughing and wheezing can be triggered by crying, laughing, yelling, or other powerful emotional reactions, as well as stress.


If your kid has asthma, making an asthma plan will help you and other caregivers keep track of symptoms and know what to do in the event of an asthma attack.


When should you seek emergency medical help?

Your child's chest and sides may draw inward as he or she fights to breathe in extreme situations. Your child's heart rate may be faster, and he or she may have perspiration and chest pain. If your kid is experiencing any of the following symptoms, get immediate medical attention.


Must pause in the middle of a statement to catch his or her breath

Has wider nostrils when breathing in and is using abdominal muscles to breathe

When he or she breaths in, the abdomen is sucked under the ribs because he or she is working so hard to breathe.

If your child is having problems breathing, even if he or she hasn't been diagnosed with asthma, seek medical help right once. Although the severity of asthma attacks varies, they usually begin with coughing and develop to wheezing and hard breathing.


Causes

The causes of childhood asthma are unknown. The following are some of the factors that are thought to be involved:


Allergy susceptibility is inherited.

Asthmatic parents

At an early age, some types of airway infections can occur.

Exposure to pollutants in the environment, such as cigarette smoke or other forms of pollution

When exposed to certain triggers, increased immune system sensitivity leads the lungs and airways to expand and generate mucus. The time it takes for a person to react to a trigger can vary, making it more difficult to pinpoint the source of the trigger. Triggers differ from child to child and can include the following:


Infections caused by viruses, such as the common cold

Tobacco smoke and other contaminants in the air

Dust mite, pet dander, pollen, or mold allergies

Physical activity is important.

Changes in the weather or chilly air


Asthma symptoms might appear without any apparent cause.


Factors that are at risk

The following factors may raise your child's risk of developing asthma:


Tobacco smoke exposure, including before birth

Allergic reactions in the past, such as skin rashes, food allergies, or hay fever (allergic rhinitis)

Asthma or allergy symptoms run in the family

Living in a polluted environment

Obesity

Chronic runny or stuffy nose (rhinitis), swollen sinuses (sinusitis), or pneumonia are all respiratory diseases.

indigestion (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD)

Being a man

Being black or Puerto Rican has its advantages and disadvantages.


Complications Asthma can lead to a variety of issues, including:


Asthma episodes that are severe enough to necessitate emergency treatment or hospitalization

Lung function continues to deteriorate.

Missed days of school or falling behind in class

Sleep disturbances and exhaustion

Symptoms that make it difficult to play, participate in sports, or do other activities

Prevention

The easiest method to avoid asthma attacks is to prepare ahead and avoid asthma triggers.


Asthma triggers should be avoided at all costs. Assist your child in avoiding asthma triggers such as allergens and irritants.

Allowing smoking near your child is not a good idea. Tobacco smoke exposure throughout childhood is both a substantial risk factor for childhood asthma and a common trigger of asthma attacks.


Encourage your child to engage in physical activity. Regular physical activity can help the lungs perform more efficiently if your child's asthma is well-controlled.

When in doubt, go to the doctor. Check in on a regular basis. Don't dismiss warning indications that your child's asthma is out of control, such as the need to use a quick-relief inhaler too frequently.


Asthma develops and evolves over time. Consult your child's doctor to make any necessary therapy changes to keep symptoms under control.


Assist your child in maintaining a healthy body weight. Obesity can aggravate asthma symptoms and put your child at risk for additional health issues.

Maintain a healthy level of heartburn management. Your child's asthma symptoms may be exacerbated by acid reflux or severe heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD). To control acid reflux, he or she may require over-the-counter or prescription drugs.

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