Learn More About Chronic kidney disease Symptoms And Causes

Learn More About Chronic kidney disease Symptoms And Causes

Learn More About Chronic kidney disease Symptoms And Causes


What is kidney disease? A specialist explains

Chronic kidney disease, additionally called chronic kidney failure, includes a continuous loss of kidney work. Your kidneys channel squanders and overabundance liquids from your blood, which are then eliminated in your pee. Progressed chronic kidney disease can influence risky degrees of liquid, electrolytes and squanders to develop in your body.

In the beginning phases of chronic kidney disease, you could have not many signs or side effects. You probably won't understand that you have kidney disease until the condition is progressed.

Therapy for chronic kidney disease centers around easing back the movement of kidney harm, normally by controlling the reason. However, in any event, controlling the reason probably won't keep kidney harm from advancing. Chronic kidney disease can advance to end-stage kidney failure, which is deadly without counterfeit sifting (dialysis) or a kidney relocate.


Signs of chronic kidney disease create over the long haul assuming kidney harm advances gradually. Loss of kidney capacity can cause a development of liquid or body waste or electrolyte issues. Contingent upon how extreme it is, loss of kidney capacity can cause:



Loss of appetite

Fatigue and weakness

Sleep problems

Urinating more or less

Decreased mental sharpness

Muscle cramps

Swelling of feet and ankles

Dry, itchy skin

High blood pressure (hypertension) that's difficult to control

Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs

Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart

Signs and symptoms of kidney disease are often nonspecific. This means they can also be caused by other illnesses. Because your kidneys are able to make up for lost function, you might not develop signs and symptoms until irreversible damage has occurred.

When to see a doctor

Make a meeting with your doctor in the event that you have signs or side effects of kidney disease. Early location could assist with keeping kidney disease from advancing to kidney failure.

Assuming you have an ailment that expands your gamble of kidney disease, your doctor might screen your pulse and kidney work with pee and blood tests during office visits. Find out if these tests are important for you.

Chronic kidney disease develops when a disease or condition inhibits kidney function for months or years, causing kidney damage to deteriorate.


Chronic kidney disease is caused by a variety of diseases and situations, including:

Diabetes type 1 or type 2

Blood pressure that is too high

Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney's filtering units (gloe-mer-u-low-nuh-FRY-tis) (glomeruli)

An inflammation of the tubules and surrounding tissues of the kidney is known as interstitial nephritis (in-tur-STISH-ul nuh-FRY-tis).

Other inherited kidney illnesses, such as polycystic kidney disease

Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, from conditions such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones and some cancers

Vesicoureteral (ves-ih-koe-yoo-REE-tur-ul) reflux, a condition that causes urine to back up into your kidneys

Recurrent kidney infection, also called pyelonephritis (pie-uh-low-nuh-FRY-tis)

Risk factors

Factors that can increase your risk of chronic kidney disease include:


High blood pressure

Heart (cardiovascular) disease



Being Black, Native American or Asian American

Family history of kidney disease

Abnormal kidney structure

Older age

Frequent use of medications that can damage the kidneys


To lower your chances of having kidney disease, do the following:

Over-the-counter medicine should be taken according to the manufacturer's instructions. Follow the directions on the label while taking nonprescription pain medicines such aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others), and acetaminophen (Tylenol, and others). Long-term use of too many pain medicines might cause renal damage.

Maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI). Maintain a healthy weight by staying physically active most days of the week if you're already at a healthy weight. If you need to reduce weight, talk to your doctor about appropriate weight-loss options.

Please don't smoke. Cigarette smoking can harm your kidneys and exacerbate any existing damage. If you're a smoker, speak with your doctor about quitting methods. Stopping can be made easier with the help of support groups, counseling, and medications.

Manage your medical conditions with the assistance of your doctor. Work with your doctor to control any diseases or conditions that raise your risk of renal disease. Inquire with your doctor about testing that can detect signs of kidney impairment.

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